California Constitution Article I, Sections 8 and 24
Derived from California Constitution Article XX, Section 18 and Article I, Section 23 respectively Adopted 1879
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Now former California Constitution Article I, section 4 and Article XX, section 18 were adopted in the Constitution of 1879 on March 3, 1879. Dissatisfaction with the first California Constitution adopted in 1849 led to the Constitutional Convention convened in Sacramento on Saturday, September 28, 1878. (See Exhibit #3a, page 13 and #3c, page 1521) The Convention continued for 157 days, until Monday, March 3, 1879. (See Exhibit #3c, page 1526)
We have located a brief history on the 1879 Constitution, “Race, Radicalism and Reform: Historical Perspective on the 1879 California Constitution,” by Harry N. Scheiber, Vol. 17, No. 1, Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly, 35. It provides good information on the social, political and economic context within which the Constitution was drafted. (See Exhibit #1) Within it, you will find many references to other writings on the history of the times, and other aspects of this constitutional convention.
In addition we provide a chapter covering the “Background” to the Convention from Dr. Carl Swisher’s 1930 book on Motivation and Political Technique in the California Constitutional Convention, 1878-1879, published in 1930. (See Exhibit #2) This document also enables you to gain historical perspective for the actions occurring at this Convention.